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FCI-Standard N° 350 / 13. 07. 2005

CIOBANESC ROMANESC CARPATIN

(Chien de berger roumain des Carpathes "Carpatin")

ORIGINE: Romania

UTILZARE: Caine ciobanesc utilizat de secole, de catre ciobanii romani din Carpati, pentru paza turmelor, fiind in acelasi timp si un excelent caine de paza.

CLASIFICARE F.C.I.: Grupa 1 Caini ciobanesti si de cireada (fara cainii de cireada elvetieni).

Sectiune 1.1 Caini ciobanesti.

Fara proba de lucru.

SCURT ISTORIC : Ciobanescul Carpatin a fost selectionat dintr-o rasa endemica prezenta in spatiul Carpato-Danubian. De secole, criteriul principal de selectie a fost utilitatea, acest caine pastrandu-si caracterul intact pana in zilele noastre.

Primul standard a fost redactat in 1934 de catre Institutul National de Zootehnie. Acest standard a fost modificat si reactualizat in 1982, 1999 si 2001 de catre Asociatia Chinologica Romana. La 30.03.2002.

Comisia Tehnica a A.Ch.R. a adaptat standardul in conformitate cu modelul propus de Federatia Chinologica Internationala.

ASPECT GENERAL: Caine de talie destul de mare, agil, niciodata greoi, aspectul general fiind acela al unui caine viguros. Corp rectangular, crupa lata, usor inclinata, cutie toracica ampla si inalta, umar lung si usor inclinat. Dimorfismul sexual este bine marcat, masculii trebuind sa fie mai inalti si mai puternici decat femelele.

PROPORTII IMPORTANTE:

  • Lungimea craniului este usor mai mare sau egala cu jumatate din lungimea totala a capului.
  • Lungimea corpului este intodeauna superioara inaltimii la greaban. Regiunea lombara la femele poate fi putin mai lunga.
  • Inaltimea pieptului corespunde cu aproximativ jumatate din inaltimea la greaban.

COMPORTAMENT/CARACTER: Caine de paza inascut si curajos, se remarca prin atasamentul instinctiv, neconditionat, fata de turme si fata de stapanul sau. Este un caine cu un comportament demn, calm si echilibrat.

CAP: Tip lupoid.

REGIUNEA CRANIANA: Ciobanescul Carpatin este un câine mezocefal , cu un cap puternic, dar nu greoi. Fruntea este lata si usor bombata. Craniul este mai lat intre urechi si se ingusteaza progresiv catre stop. Silonul frontal este destul de lung si suficient de bine marcat. Stop moderat, niciodata prea marcat, dar nici sters.

REGIUNEA FACIALA:

  • Trufa: Mare, lata si intodeauna neagra.
  • Bot: Puternic, cu o sectiune aproximativ ovala, usor tronconic. Lungimea botului este usor mai mica sau cel mult egala cu lungimea craniului.
  • Buze: Groase, bine pigmentate, bine aplicate, cu o comisura bine inchisa.
  • Maxilare/dinti: Maxilare puternice, solide si drepte. Dantura puternica; muscatura in foarfeca, arcadele incisive sunt usor rotunjite.
  • Obraji: Uscativi, maseteri puternici dar niciodata proeminenti. Pielea este bine intinsa.
  • Ochi: Migdalati, usor oblici, nu prea mari in raport cu dimensiunile craniului, de culoare brun inchisa.
    Nu sunt proeminenti si nici infundati in orbite. Pleoapele sunt negre si imbraca bine forma globului ocular.
  • Urechi: Nu prea mari, triunghiulare, prinse putin mai sus fata de linia ochiului, cu extremitatea usor rotunjita, bine lipite de obraji.

GAT: Musculos, foarte puternic, de lungime medie, formand un unghi de cca. 50o in raport cu orizontala.

CORP: viguros, bine dezvoltat, de forma usor rectangulara.

  • Linia superioara: Dreapta si ferma.
  • Greaban: Putin marcat.
  • Spate: De lungime potrivita, drept, solid si musculos.
  • Sale: Puternice si musculoase dar nu prea late, de lungime potrivita, nici prea lungi (linia superioara pierzand astfel din fermitate), nici prea scurte.
  • Crupa: Musculoasa si lata, de lungime potrivita, usor inclinata, niciodata cazuta.
  • Piept: Bine dezvoltat, bine coborat pana la nivelul coatelor, destul de lat. Coaste solide, bine arcuite, niciodata in butoi.
  • Linia inferioara: Potrivit de ridicata, abdomen ridicat dar nu supt si nici cazut.

COADA: Prinsa destul de sus, stufoasa, acoperita de par abundent. In repaos, ea este purtata jos, dreapta sau usor in forma de sabie, atingand punctul jaretului. Cand cainele este atent sau in actiune, ea este purtata ridicata, putand depasi nivelul spatelui; nu este nici culcata si nici rulata pe spate.

MEMBRE:

MEMBRE ANTERIOARE: Cu osatura puternica.

  • Vedere de ansamblu: vazute din fata sau din profil, membrele anterioare au aplomburi bune si sunt perpendiculare pe sol.
  • Umeri: Solizi, potrivit de inclinati.
  • Coate: Bine apropiate de corp, nedeviate la exterior sau rasucite spre interior.
  • Antebrat: Drept, foarte viguros, cu sectiune ovala.
  • Metacarpiene: Scurte, usor inclinate.
  • Labe anterioare: Ovale, masive, compacte.

MEMBRE POSTERIOARE: musculoase, cu osatura solida si cu angulatii bune.

  • Vedere de ansamblu: cu aplomburi bune.
  • Coapsa: lata, foarte musculoasa.
  • Gamba: puternica, musculoasa, de lungime potrivita.
  • Jaret: solid, ferm, nici prea inalt (determinind astfel o accentuare a angulatiei grasetului), nici prea coborat.
  • Metatars: solid, vertical.
  • Labe posterioare: ovale, bine dezvoltate si compacte, usor mai mici decat cele anterioare. Degetele sunt arcuite si stranse. Se vor indeparta eventualii pinteni, mai putin in tarile unde aceasta practica este interzisa prin lege. Cuzinetii sunt elastici si rezistenti.

MISCARE: Miscarea este degajata si cu o buna alonja. Trapul este viguros si sustinut. Membrele se misca in planuri paralele.

PIELE: Pigmentata cenusiu. Trufa, marginile pleoapelor si buzele trebuie sa fie de culoare neagra. Se prefera unghiile de culoare cenusie sau neagra.

ROBA:

  • PAR: Parul este aspru, des si drept. Subparul este dens si moale. Cu exceptia capului si fetelor anterioare ale membrelor unde parul este scurt si plat, parul este abundent pe tot corpul, de lungime potrivita. Pe gat, fata posterioara a membrelor si pe coada, parul este mai lung, abundenta parului in aceste regiuni fiind tipica.
  • CULOARE: nisipiu-carbunoasa (lupie), cu nuante diferite, adesea mai deschise pe partile laterale si mai inchise deasupra trunchiului; nisipiu-carbunoasa (lupie) cu pete albe, de preferinta nu foarte intinse.

TALIE SI GREUTATE:

Inaltime la greaban:

Ideala:

  • 65-73 cm la masculi;
  • 59-67 cm la femele.
  • Cu toate acestea, cel mai important este aspectul general.
  • Greutate: In raport cu talia, dand impresia unui caine puternic dar nu greoi.

DEFECTE: Orice abatere fata de cele de mai sus constituie un defect care se va penaliza in functie de gravitatea abaterii respective.

DEFECTE GRAVE:

  • Orice abatere fata de cele de mai sus si care afecteaza utilitatea.
  • Constitutie fragila sau prea greoaie.
  • Ochi de culoare prea deschisa.
  • Pleoape inferioare foarte cazute, descoperind globul ocular, buze foarte carnoase si comisuri cazute.
  • Defecte importante de pigmentatie.
  • Lungime excesiva a corpului (mai mult de 10%) sau corp inscriptibil intr-un patrat.

DEFECTE ELIMINATORII:

  • Exemplare agresive, fricoase sau apatice.
  • Exemplare clar atipice, cu aspect ce aminteste de acela al molossoizilor.
  • Lipsa unui P3 si a altui dinte, lipsa unui canin, lipsa unui P4, lipsa unui molar sau lipsa a trei dinti sau mai multi (fara PM1).
  • Prognatism superior, prognatism inferior, muscatura in cleste.
  • Osatura foarte fina.
  • Cutie toracica insuficient dezvoltata.
  • Lipsa subparului, par altfel decat scurt pe cap si fetele anterioare ale membrelor; par cret sau grifonat, par sarmos, par lung, moale, matasos, formand carare pe mijlocul spatelui.
  • Depigmentare importanta a pleoapelor, a trufei, a pielii sau a buzelor; heterocromie oculara (ceacar).
  • Culoare : maron, tigrat, galben sau baltat cu aceste culori.
  • Exemplare adulte cu o talie sub 62 cm la masculi si sub 58 cm la femele.

Orice caine care prezinta in mod evident anomalii de ordin fizic sau comportamental va fi descalificat.

N.B.: Masculii trebuie sa aiba doua testicule cu aspect normal, complet coborate in scrot.

ROMANIAN CARPATHIAN SHEPHERD DOG
FCI-Standard N° 350 / 13. 07. 2005
CIOBANESC ROMANESC CARPATIN
(Chien de berger roumain des Carpathes "Carpatin")

TRANSLATION : Jennifer Mulholland and Raymond Triquet.

ORIGIN : Romania.

DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 06.07.2005.

UTILIZATION : Herding dog used by Romanian shepherds in the Carpathian mountains for centuries to defend the herds while, at the same time, being an excellent guard dog.

CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. : Group 1 Sheepdogs and Cattle
Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs).
Section 1 Sheepdogs.
Without working trial.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : The Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog was selected from an endemic breed present in the Carpatho-Danubian area. For centuries the principle criteria for selection has been utilisation, this dog having conserved its character intact to the present day.

The first standard was written in 1934 by the National Institute of Zootechny. This standard was modified and updated in 1982, 1999 and 2001 by the Romanian Cynological Association. The Technical Committee of the R.C.A. adapted the standard on 30.03.2002 to conform to the model proposed by the F.C.I.

GENERAL APPEARANCE : Relatively large-sized dog, agile, never heavy, the general appearance being that of a vigorous dog. The body is rectangular, the croup is broad, slightly sloping, the chest is large and deep, the shoulder long and slightly sloping. Sexual dimorphism is well defined, the males should be taller and stronger than the females.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS:

  • The length of the skull is slightly greater than or equal to half of the total length of the head.
  • The length of the body is always greater than the height at the withers. In females, the lumbar region may be a little longer.
  • The depth of the chest corresponds more or less to half of the height at the withers.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : A natural guardian and courageous, he distinguishes himself by his instinctive and unconditional attachment to the herd and his master. He is a dignified, calm and stable dog.

HEAD : Lupoid type (wolf-like).

CRANIAL REGION : The Carpathian Shepherd Dog is of the mesocephalic type, with a powerful but not heavy head. The forehead is wide and slightly domed; wider between the ears and narrowing progressively towards the stop. The frontal furrow is relatively long and sufficiently well defined.
Stop : Moderate, never too pronounced nor too discreet.

FACIAL REGION :
Nose : Large, wide and always black.
Muzzle : Powerful, of approximately oval section, slightly truncated cone shaped. The length of the muzzle is slightly less than or , at the most, equal to that of the skull.
Lips : Thick, well pigmented, tight and well closed at the corner of the mouth.
Jaws/Teeth : Strong, solid and straight jaws. Powerful dentition; scissor bite with the incisive arcades slightly rounded.
Cheeks : Lean, with strong but never prominent cheek muscles. The skin is tight.
Eyes : Almond shaped, slightly oblique, not too big compared to the size of the skull, colour dark brown. Neither protruding nor sunken in the sockets. The eyelids are black, tightly fitting the eyeball.
Ears : Not too big, triangular, attached a little higher than the line of the eye, with the tip slightly rounded, carried close to the cheek.

NECK : Muscled, very strong, of medium length presenting an angle of approximately 50° to the horizontal.

BODY : Vigorous, well developed, slightly rectangular.
Topline : Straight and firm.
Withers : Only slightly pronounced.
Back : Of moderate length, straight, solid and muscled.
Loin : Powerful, muscled, but not too broad, of moderate length, neither too long (the topline would not be firm enough) nor too short.
Croup: Broad and muscled, of moderate length, slightly sloping, never falling away.
Chest : Well developed, deep, reaching to the elbows, relatively wide. Strong ribs, well sprung, never barrel like.
Underline : Moderately rising, belly tucked up but never drawn in nor pendulous.

TAIL : Set on relatively high, bushy, with abundant coat. At rest, it is carried low, straight or slightly sabre-like, reaching to the hock. When the dog is alert or in action, tail is carried upwards and can be even higher than the topline but never lying on nor curled over the back.

LIMBS
FOREQUARTERS
: Strong bones.
Overall view : Seen from the front or from the side, upright and perpendicular to the ground.
Shoulder : Strong, moderately sloping.
Elbow : Close to the body, neither in nor out.
Forearm : Straight, very vigorous, with an oval section.
Metacarpus (pastern) : Short, slightly sloping.
Fore : Oval, massive, compact.
HINDQUARTERS
: Upright. Muscled with strong bones and good angulation.
Upper thigh : Broad, very muscular.
Lower thigh : Powerful, muscled, of moderate length.
Hock : Solid, firm, neither too high (indicating an accentuation of the stifle angulation) nor too low.
Metatarsus (rear pastern) : Solid, vertical.
Feet : Oval, well developed and compact, a speck smaller than the front. Toes arched and tight. Dewclaws, if any, should be removed except in countries where their removal is forbidden by the law. The pads are resilient and resistant.

GAIT / MOVEMENT : Free, long-reaching movement. Vigorous and sustained trot. In action, the limbs are parallel.

SKIN : Ash grey pigmentation. The nose, the eyerims and the lips should be black. Ash grey or black preferred for the nails.

COAT
HAIR
: The coat is harsh, dense and straight. The undercoat is dense and soft. With the exception of the head and the front part of the limbs where the coat is short and flat, the coat, of moderate length, is abundant all over the body. On the neck, the back of the limbs and the tail, the coat is longer - profuse coat on these parts being typical.

COLOUR : Pale fawn overlaid with black (wolf-grey) of different tones, often lighter on lateral parts and darker on the upper part of the body. Pale fawn overlaid with black (wolf-grey) with white marks preferably non predominant.

SIZE AND WEIGHT :
Height at withers :
Male : Ideally 65 - 73 cm at the withers.
Female : Ideally 59 - 67 cm at the withers.
However the overall impression is always more important.
Weight : In harmony with the size, giving the impression of a powerful but not heavy dog.

FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

SERIOUS FAULTS:

  • Any departure from the preceding text and which hinders utilisation.
  • Weak or too heavy construction.
  • Eyes too light in colour.
  • Very drooping lower eyelids, showing the eyeball, lips too fleshy and drooping commissures.
  • Important pigmentation faults.
  • Excessive length of body (more than 10%) and square body.

ELIMINATING FAULTS:

  • Aggressive, overly shy or lethargic.
  • Subject clearly untypical with molossoid type appearance.
  • Absence of a P3 and another tooth, absence of a canine, absence of a P4, absence of a molar or absence of three or more teeth (except PM1).
  • Overshot, undershot or level bite.
  • Very light bone.
  • Chest insufficiently developed.
  • Lack of undercoat, coat other than short on the head and front of limbs, curly or bushy coat, wire coat, long coat, limp coat, silky coat, forming a distinct parting along the spine.
  • Important lack of pigmentation of eyelids, the nose, the skin and the lips; wall eye.
  • Colour : brown, brindle, yellow, or flecked in these colours.
  • Males less than 62 cm, females less than 58 cm.

Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.





Carpathian Dog

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